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Drug and Alcohol - Students
Drug and Alcohol – Students
Dr. Christine Kelly-Kleese
Student Engagement, Development, and Support
April 3, 2018; November 22, 2019 (Revision)
Next Review Date:
Title 21 Code of Federal Regulations; North Carolina Controlled Substances Act; Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act; (DFSCA); Part 86 of the Department of Education’s General Administrative Regulations
Durham Technical Community College is committed to the well-being of the College community and to promoting and providing a safe and healthy environment. The unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensation, possession, or use of controlled substances or alcoholic beverages is prohibited on College premises and at College-sponsored activities.
Durham Technical Community College understands that substance abuse is an extremely complex issue that can impact the safety and welfare of the College community. Therefore, the College pledges its cooperation to maintain a drug and alcohol abuse prevention program as required by federal law.
Standards of Conduct and Disciplinary Actions
All Durham Technical Community College (Durham Tech) students are required to meet standards of conduct and are expected to attend classes, labs, and College activities unhindered by drugs and alcohol. Students who fail to meet these standards and/or are found to be in violation of College policies or procedures will be subject to disciplinary sanctions consistent with local, state, and federal law and as detailed in the Student Code of Conduct.
Please Note: Students employed by Durham Tech are considered College employees. Students employed under the federal work study program are considered College employees if the work performed is for the College. For work performed for any public or private agency, students are also considered College employees unless the agreement between the College and the organization specifies that the organization is considered the employer. Students considered College employees are governed by Durham Tech’s employee drug and alcohol policy provisions during their working hours.
Legal Prescription and Over-the-Counter Drugs
Student use of prescription and over-the-counter drugs is not prohibited when taken in recommended dosages or according to a physician's prescription. Students who take legal prescription and over-the-counter drugs must determine whether the drug may interfere with the safety of themselves or others on campus. It is the student's responsibility to communicate with appropriate College personnel (e.g., instructors, advisors, counselors, student services staff) if their or her use of legal drugs presents a safety risk. Students should disclose this information for their own safety and the safety of the classroom and College environment, especially in courses that include “live projects” such as welding and machining.
The illegal or unauthorized use, intentional misuse, abuse, or distribution of prescription or over-the-counter drugs by students is prohibited. Students in need of assistance with substance abuse issues should consult Appendix C for a list of available resources.
Notification of Drug-and-Alcohol-Related Issues
Students aware of issues (substance abuse, convictions, or other concerning behavior associated with alcohol or legal or illegal drugs, etc.) involving another student or any member of the College community and that may impact the College community, occur on College property, or take place during a College-sponsored activity should contact appropriate College personnel (e.g., Campus Police and Public Safety, instructors, advisors, counselors, student services staff) immediately.
Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention Program (DAAPP)
The Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act (DFSCA) and Part 86 of the Department of Education’s General Administrative Regulations requires Durham Tech to certify that it has developed and implemented a drug and alcohol abuse prevention program. The program must be designed to prevent the unlawful possession, use, and distribution of drugs and alcohol on College premises and at College-sponsored events and activities. Durham Tech’s DAAPP disclosure must include the following:
A written statement about the College’s standards of conduct that prohibit the unlawful possession, use, or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol by students and employees;
A written description of legal sanctions imposed under federal, state, and local laws and ordinances for unlawful possession or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol;
A written description of the health risks associated with the use of illicit drugs and alcohol abuse;
A written description of any drug or alcohol counseling, treatment, and rehabilitation/re-entry programs that are available to students and employees; and
A written statement that the College will impose disciplinary sanctions on students and employees for violations of the institution’s codes of conduct and a description of such sanctions.
The DAAPP must be actively distributed annually to all credit-bearing students by Student Engagement, Development, and Support. The Vice President, Student Engagement, Development, and Support shall serve as the main student contact. They will coordinate with the Executive Director of Human Resources regarding annual student notifications and other DAAPP matters that directly impact students.
A biennial review of the DAAPP will be conducted every odd year by the Compliance Committee. In accordance with statutory requirements, the biennial review must:
determine the program’s effectiveness and identify needed changes;
identify the number of drug- and alcohol-related arrests and referrals that occur on College premises (as defined in the Clery Act) or during College-sponsored activities and are reported to College officials;
identify the number and type of sanctions imposed by the College as a result of drug- and alcohol-related violations and fatalities on College premises or during College-sponsored activities; and
ensure that sanctions imposed for violations of the standards of conduct addressed by the DAAPP are consistently enforced.
The Compliance Committee’s responsibilities include the following:
revising Durham Tech’s DAAPP to account for any changes to the DFSCA and/or state or federal law;
ensuring Durham Tech’s DAAPP and current Durham Tech policies and procedures are reflective and not contradictory; and
evaluating the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and challenges of Durham Tech’s DAAPP, and responding accordingly.
Participation materials for College-sponsored events (e.g., registration forms, liability waivers, etc.) may offer additional guidance regarding the use of alcohol and misuse of prescription drugs.
Please see the appendices.
The purpose of Durham Tech’s Drug and Alcohol policy is to maintain a safe and productive teaching and learning environment and to be in compliance with the Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988; the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act (DFSCA); Part 86 of the Department of Education’s General Administrative Regulations; North Carolina Administrative Code Title 13, Chapter 20; and the North Carolina Controlled Substance Examination Regulation Act.
Please Note: Some of the terms defined here are not contained within the text of this policy. They are defined here because they are referenced in external resource documents and/or related laws and statutes.
Alcohol/Alcoholic Beverages – Beverages containing at least one-half of one (1) percent (0.5%) alcohol by volume, including beer, wine, liquor, and mixed beverages
College Premises – Any property in use by the College including property that is leased, owned, used for College functions, or used by the College in the offering of any of its courses.
Controlled Substance – Any drug listed in the Schedules of Controlled Substances (21 CFR Part 1308) and other federal regulations as well as those listed in the North Carolina Controlled Substances Act. Generally, these are drugs which have a high potential for abuse. They include but are not limited to the following: cocaine, heroin, marijuana, PCP, and “crack.” They also include any “legal” drugs that have not been prescribed specifically by a licensed physician.
Drug Paraphernalia – All equipment, products, and material of any kind used to facilitate, or intended or designed to facilitate, violations of the North Carolina Controlled Substances Act.
Drugs – Drugs referred to under this policy include alcoholic beverages, all illegal drugs as defined in the NC Controlled Substance Examination Regulation Act, and misused legal drugs (both prescription and over-the-counter).
Employees – Individuals of any status (full-time, part-time, permanent, temporary) who are employed by Durham Technical Community College. Students employed under the Federal Work Study Program are considered College employees if the work performed is for the College. For work performed for a federal, state, local public agency, a private nonprofit or a private for profit agency, students are also considered College employees unless the agreement between the College and the organization specifies that the organization is considered the employer.
Malt Beverage – A beverage containing at least one-half of one (1) percent (0.5%) and not more than six (6) percent (6%) alcohol by volume
Nolo Contendere – A plea by which a defendant in a criminal prosecution accepts conviction as though a guilty plea had been entered but does not admit guilt
Sale of Alcohol – Any transfer, trade, exchange, or barter, in any manner or by any means for consideration, of alcohol (e.g., cover charges, mug/t-shirt sales, etc.)
Serious Bodily Injury – Injury which involves substantial risk of death, protracted and obvious disfigurement, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member or organ or mental faculty
Spirituous Liquor/Liquor – Distilled spirits or other alcohol and mixtures of cordials and premixed cocktails in closed containers for beverage use regardless of their dilution
Unfortified Wine – Wine with an alcohol content of not more than seventeen (17) percent (17%)
Use of Alcoholic Beverages – Possession, consumption, distribution, purchase, sale, or transfer of alcoholic beverages
Working Days – Days the College is open and operating under a normal schedule. This excludes weekends, closings due to adverse conditions, and holidays.
Appendix A – Laws and Sanctions
There are no local drug or alcohol sanctions that supersede federal or state laws.
Appendix B – Health Risks and Treatment Programs
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), drug addiction is a brain disease. Although initial drug use might be voluntary, drugs of abuse have been shown to alter gene expression and brain circuitry, which in turn affect human behavior. Once addiction develops, these brain changes interfere with an individual’s ability to make voluntary decisions, leading to compulsive drug craving, seeking, and use.
The impact of addiction can be far reaching. Cardiovascular disease, stroke, cancer, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, and lung disease can all be affected by drug abuse. Some of these effects occur when drugs are used at high doses or after prolonged use, however, some may occur after just one use.
Learn more about specific health risks associated with commonly abused drugs by reviewing the information below and consulting the NIDA’s Commonly Abused Drugs Charts. Additionally, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)’s Drugs of Abuse guide is a comprehensive resource that outlines risks associated with specific classes of drugs (starting with page 38 of the 2017 edition).
Alcohol: This depressant slows down your heart, nervous system, and brain, and high doses of alcohol can cause you to stop breathing. Prolonged immoderate use can cause artery disease, heart failure, and liver damage including cancer, cirrhosis, and hepatitis. Women may develop alcohol-related health problems sooner than men, even when drinking less alcohol than men. Because alcohol affects nearly every organ in the body, long-term heavy drinking increases the risk for many serious health problems.
Amphetamines: These drugs cause acute psychoses and malnutrition. They also can make users nervous, hyperactive, and sleepless and can elevate pulse rate and blood pressure.
Anabolic Steroids: Steroids have side effects ranging from insomnia to death. Using them increases risk of cancer and cardiovascular, kidney, and liver disease. Users may exhibit aggressive, combative behavior, and use may cause impotence, sterility, or fetal damage.
Barbiturates: Both physiologically and psychologically addictive, these drugs can cause death in high doses. Infants born to barbiturate users may suffer congenital deformities. Other effects include nausea, dizziness, lethargy, allergic reactions, and possible breathing difficulties.
Cocaine: Anyone who uses cocaine – even a first-time user – may have seizures, heart fibrillation, and strokes that can result in death. Habitual users experience irritability, paranoia, and hallucinations. Use causes tumors, chronic fatigue, dangerous weight loss, sexual impotence, and insomnia and affects respiration, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels.
Ecstasy (MDMA): This drug produces both stimulant and psychedelic effects including increased heart rate, elevated blood pressure, nervousness, and hyperactivity. Because users may experience feelings of increased confidence, sensitivity, arousal, and confusion, Ecstasy use makes them more vulnerable to crime, especially robbery, sexual assault, and other unwanted sexual encounters.
Heroin and Opium: An overdose of these psychologically and physiologically addictive drugs can cause death. Users feel sluggish and fall asleep at inappropriate and dangerous times. Intravenous users risk contracting Hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and other infections.
LSD: LSD causes hallucinations, perception distortions, and anxiety. Users cannot function normally and are accident- prone. LSD can also elevate body temperature and cause a rapid heartbeat.
Marijuana: Because it damages short-term memory and decreases concentration and learning abilities, marijuana is particularly detrimental to students. It contains more than four hundred (400) chemicals and has 2½ times as much tar as tobacco. Research shows that marijuana users experience the same health problems as tobacco smokers, such as bronchitis, emphysema, bronchial asthma, and throat and lung cancer; tend to have more chest colds than non-users; and are at greater risk of getting lung infections like pneumonia. Studies show that someone who smokes five (5) joints per day may be taking in as many cancer-causing chemicals as someone who smokes a full pack of cigarettes every day. Effects also include increased heart rate, dryness of the mouth, reddening of the eyes, and impaired motor skills and concentration.
MDMA (Ecstasy): This drug produces both stimulant and psychedelic effects including increased heart rate, elevated blood pressure, nervousness, and hyperactivity. Because users may experience feelings of increased confidence, sensitivity, arousal, and confusion, Ecstasy use makes them more vulnerable to crime, especially robbery, sexual assault, and other unwanted sexual encounters.
Methamphetamines: Meth is a highly addictive drug that targets the functioning of the central nervous system. Short-term effects include increased wakefulness, increased physical activity, decreased appetite, increased respiration, rapid heartbeat, irregular heartbeat, increased blood pressure, hypothermia, irritability, paranoia, insomnia, confusion, tremors, and aggressiveness. Long-term health effects include irreversible damage to blood vessels in the brain, stroke, severe reduction in motor skills with symptoms similar to those of Parkinson’s disease, impaired verbal learning, memory impairment, and decreased ability to regulate emotions. Many of the long-term effects persist after use of the drug is discontinued.
Oxycodone/Narcotics: These are safe and effective treatments for pain when prescribed by a doctor and used as directed. However, they are opioids, and therefore are psychologically and physiologically addictive. They can cause death by stopping breathing. Because of their medical uses, these drugs are frequently manufactured in a time-release (sustained-release, long-acting, extended-release) form. If users circumvent the time-release formulation, they may take a larger dose than intended, overdose, and suffer serious complications or death. Combining narcotics with alcohol or other drugs significantly increases the risk to life and well-being.
Psilocybin: This substance, found in certain mushrooms, causes hallucinations and perception distortions. Users cannot function normally and are accident-prone. This drug can also produce anxiety, elevated body temperature, rapid heartbeat, and elevated respiration.
According to the NIDA’s Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment, more than three decades of scientific research show that treatment can help drug-addicted individuals stop drug use, avoid relapse, and successfully recover their lives. The guide details 13 fundamental principles that characterize effective drug abuse treatment, describes different types of science-based treatments, and provides answers to commonly asked questions.
Appendix C – Resources
Durham Tech Resources
Counseling Services (College counselors can also provide substance abuse referrals.)
Phail Wynn, Jr. Student Services Center (Building 10), room 10-209, Main Campus
919-536-7207, ext. 1413;
Local, State, and National Resources
Al-Anon (group meetings for family members of substances abusers)